Its area is 507,451 km2 (195,928 sq mi) and its population is about 11,000 (2007 estimate). Overview. As the ice caps on Baffin Island shrink, the landscape beneath is seeing the light of day for the first time in perhaps 120,000 years. It has facilities for camping, and visitors can fish and spot wildlife amid a tundra landscape blanketed by seasonal wildflowers and berries. Baffin Island reveals dramatic scale of Arctic climate change Study delves back into 200,000 years of history to demonstrate the devastating impact of … Baffin Bay is connected to the Arctic Ocean via Nares Strait and to the Atlantic Ocean via Davis Strait and the Labrador Sea. The first recorded English explorer to enter Baffin Bay was John Davis, who arrived in 1585. Though as far as population goes, the Island is more in line with the small island nations of the south pacific at 13,150 (2016) inhabitants. Baffin Island is Canada’s Largest Island. And Baffin Island, Marcott points out, is right next door to Greenland—home to an ice sheet that holds enough ice to raise global sea levels by more than 20 feet if it were to melt fully. It was noted in The Saga of The Greenlanders in the 14th century as: “[having] no grass, but large glaciers covered the highlands, and the land was like a single flat slab of rock from the glaciers to the sea. Most of the year Baffin Bay is covered in ice, icebergs, and floating ice, and is not navigable. Explore In The Footsteps of History. In the same national park as Odin, you will find the world’s highest vertical cliff of aptly named, Mount Thor. The latitude of Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada is 66.830925, and the longitude is -69.600800.Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada is located at Canada country in the Islands place category with the gps coordinates of … You must understand the risks of hypothermia and frostbite, the dangers of rock falls and other natural occurrences and the very real possibility of polar bear encounters. Baffin Island is the biggest island in Canada, the 5th largest in the world and is home to the elusive Narwhal, amongst many other animals! Inuit culture is ancient and very much alive today. km / 183,800 square miles, and only about 10,000 people (mostly Inuit groups) scattered across the island, it is one of the most sparsely populated areas in the world. Joanne Thomas has worked as a writer and editor for print and online publications since 2004. Baffin Island reveals dramatic scale of Arctic climate change Study delves back into 200,000 years of history to demonstrate the devastating impact of global warming. Settled for a handful of decades but peopled for millennia it outsizes canadas second biggest island victoria island by an area about the size of italy. It is the fifth-largest island in the world, with largely mountainous terrain and an almost entirely Inuit population. Expedition cruises that call at Baffin Island might depart from other communities in Northern Canada, or from Greenland. Greenland is 822,706 square miles in size, but only has 56,000 residents. Baffin Bay is a marginal sea of the North Atlantic Ocean, located between the west coast of Greenland and Baffin Island.The sea is connected to the Atlantic Ocean by the Labrador Sea and the Davis Strait, and is also connected to the Arctic Ocean by the narrow Nares Strait. The valley's slightly warmer microclimate makes it a great place to spot wildlife including wolves, caribou, Arctic hares and the occasional polar bear. It is the fifth-largest island in the world, with largely mountainous terrain and an almost entirely Inuit population. Baffin Island has been inhabited by the Inuit for thousands of years. With an area of 195,928 square miles (507,451 square km), it is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest in the world. Baffin Island, 183,810 sq mi (476,068 sq km), c.1,000 mi (1,610 km) long and from 130 to 450 mi (210–720 km) wide, in the Arctic Ocean, Nunavut Territory, Canada. Around the time of the building of Egypt’s great pyramids, 7,500 kilometres away, early settlers on Baffin Island were discovering and learning how to survive in an environment so harsh that no foreigner has succeeded in colonizing it since. Among the many that attempted the passage were Jacques Cartier (1491-1557) founder of Quebec, Henry Hudson (1565 – 1611) the namesake of Canada’s great Hudson Bay, and another English Navigator, William Baffin (1585 – 1622) for whom the Island was named. Inuit artisans offer soapstone carvings, jewelry, hand-sewn clothing, art prints and more in souvenir stores and galleries. Named for William Baffin (1584?-1622), Baffin Island (now part of Nunavut and next to Baffin Bay) is the fifth-largest island in the world.. With an area of about 476,000 sq. Baffin Island is geographically and geologically a continuation of Labrador, from which it is separated by Hudson Strait. Since the end of World War II there was much industrial activity in and around Baffin Island – Canadian and foreign military activities included. The park also features ancient Thule ruins. The biggest island in Canada (and fifth largest in the world), Baffin Island is a grand wild landscape, the spectacular homeland of the Inuit and an accessible Arctic playground for the adventurous. Canadian Scientist’s Deep-Diamond Research Reveals Ancient Continent. Greenland, which is the world's largest island, is a continental island because it is part of North America's continent. (almost 1 … The Baffin Island Inuit (like other modern Inuit) share biological and cultural links with their Thule ancestors. Once there, you likely won’t need a rental car as Iqaluit is small enough to walk around, and is not connected to anywhere else via road, and there are taxis available in the city. Lucky Canadian scientists have discovered new evidence in diamonds of ancient continental formation and drift. It's the island's major hub for transportation and tourism and the home base for most outfitters and guides. As the ice caps on Baffin Island shrink, the landscape beneath is seeing the light of day for the first time in perhaps 120,000 years. Iqaluit, on Baffin Island, is the capital of Nunavut, a Canadian territory created in 1999. Here’s a look at the stark and humbling beauty. First there were the Dorset and then Thule and Inuit people. The Island also sits just 335 km (208 miles) across the Davis Strait from Greenland, giving you an idea of how far north it is. Culture and Society The main Inuit language used on the Island, Inuktitut (which the below place names are in), as with many dialects even has different accents as you move from the north to the south of the island. The body of water to the south is the Hudson Strait, which separates Baffin Island from Quebec. "Scientific name for Baffin Island Wolf is Canis lupus manningi". History of Baffin Island Inuit. Size: Covering 195,928 square miles, Baffin Island is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest island in the world. Baffin Island also has a number of territorial parks. Baffin Island (Inuktitut: ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk IPA: [qikiqtaːluk], French: Île de Baffin or Terre de Baffin), in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world. Baffin Island is the 5 th largest island in the world! Charter flights are often included in tour packages. Baffin Island lies in the East of Nunavut which is the largest federal territory of Canada. The wildlife in Baffin Island is very impressive. With its huge size of 507K sq.km (196K sq.miles) and virtually non-existence of roads, it is extremely difficult to explore this island by conventional means. Baffin Island (Inuktitut: ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk IPA: [qikiqtaːluk], French: Île de Baffin or Terre de Baffin), in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world. When one looks at the map, the Island is positioned at the North West of Mainland Canada and West of Greenland. Snow can fall all year on Baffin Island and the average annual temperature for the island is about -8 degrees Celsius. In some areas of Baffin Island, like Clyde River, the sun does not set for two months in the summer time, and doesn't rise for two months in the winter. Vast areas are still sheathed in ice year-round. You can now take an iceberg and wildlife watching cruise through these historic waters from Iqaluit, Toronto, or Greenland. Much of the Island is longitudinally more northern than Iceland and makes up part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, a group of 36,563 northern Canadian Islands that almost reach the centre of the Arctic Circle. Baffin Island Largest and most easterly island of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, separated from Québec province by the Hudson Strait. Baffin Island. This is not a destination for the casual vacationer, but the rewards for those willing to invest considerable time and funds preparing for an adventure on Baffin Island are truly remarkable. From October until April, Baffin Island is one of the best places in Canada to view the Northern Lights because there is very little light pollution to interfere with their viewing, even in the capital city of Iqaluit. Iqaluit, city, capital of Nunavut territory and headquarters of Baffin region, Canada. An archeological dig on Baffin Island. There are no ferries to the island, either from neighbouring Quebec or from Greenland however, some Arctic cruises do offer stops in Iqaluit and other parts of Nunavut. Outside Iqaluit, getting around Baffin Island is limited to snowmobile, dog sled, charter flights and boats. HABITATBaffin Island wolves are found exclusively on Baffin Island and a few small adjacent islands. Inuit from Baffin Island are descendants of the Thule, who expanded eastward across Canada from Alaska in the 12th and 13th centuries. First there were the Dorset and then Thule and Inuit people. Area: 507,451sq km (195,928sq mi). Baffin Island is a rugged place with awe-inspiring, and often record-breaking, sights for those who dare to venture out from the cities. Baffin Bay (Inuktitut: Saknirutiak Imanga,) is a marginal sea of the North Atlantic Ocean. Fall and spring weather is variable, with temperatures between 0°C and -30°C. Baffin Island is the largest island in Canada, and with two … Baffin Island . Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada Lat Long Coordinates Info. Baffin Island. Greenland is 822,706 square miles in size, but only has 56,000 residents. Baffin Island has been inhabited by the Inuit for thousands of years. These remote national parks in the high Arctic of Nunavut's Baffin Island feature jagged, frosted mountain ranges, traditional Inuit villages, glacier-carved fjords, and vast, uninhabited tundra. Baffin Island has been inhabited by the Inuit for thousands of years. The biggest island in Canada (and fifth largest in the world), Baffin Island is a grand wild landscape, the spectacular homeland of the Inuit and an accessible Arctic playground for the adventurous. Baffin Bay is located between the southwest coast of Greenland and Baffin Island. It is larger than Spain, more than twice as big as the UK, and on top of that, its territory, Nunavut, would be the 15th largest country in the world overall. However, the famed passageway was not fully traversed by sea until 1906 when Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen (famous for beating Robert Scott to the South Pole) reached the Pacific coast of Alaska. 21 March, 2020 - 00:56 ashley cowie. It is the largest member of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Baffin Island is the largest island in Canada, and with two very large islands flanking the country (Newfoundland and Vancouver Island) that is saying something. Dorset settlers were replaced in 1200 AD by Thule people. Greenland, which is the world's largest island, is a continental island because it is part of North America's continent. Visitation is limited to an early season from March to May, when skiing, dog-sledding and snowmobiling adventures are possible, and a late season starting in June or July, when ice melt opens up the landscapes for boating and hiking. This land seemed…of little use.]. It is the fifth largest island in the world and the easternmost member of the Arctic Archipelago. Baffin Island, 183,810 sq mi (476,068 sq km), c.1,000 mi (1,610 km) long and from 130 to 450 mi (210–720 km) wide, in the Arctic Ocean, Nunavut Territory, Canada. As part of the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Baffin Island is home to a number of Inuit communities, including Iqaluit, Pangnirtung, Pond Inlet, Clyde River, Arctic Bay, Kimmirut and Nanisivik. km / 183,800 square miles, and only about 10,000 people (mostly Inuit groups) scattered across the island, it is one of the most sparsely populated areas in the world. Before considering such an epic experience, get a grasp on some of the most important facts about Baffin Island. As far as the actual last ice age, millions of years ago, Baffin Island would have contributed hugely to the Laurentide Ice Sheet that covered likely all of Canada and the northeastern United States however, there is much dispute about the birthplace. It’s Baffin Island that draws the most visitors to Nunavut every year, and it isn’t hard to see why. Canadian Scientist’s Deep-Diamond Research Reveals Ancient Continent. It is located in the region of 70° N and 75° W. It was named by English colonists after English explorer William Baffin. No roads lead to Nunavut, so the only way to reach Baffin Island is to fly. Ellesmere Island is to the north. Baffin Island, in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is almost 196,000 square miles in area, 932 miles long and from 124 to 435 miles wide. As the great Icelandic Viking, Leif Erikson (c. 970 – 1020) courageously crossed the unruly northern Atlantic in search of new lands, it was the third land he encountered that they named Helluland, meaning “Stone-slab Land”. Sirmilik's icy waterways, when accessible, offer incredible opportunities for polar bear safaris, sea kayaking (for experts only) and boat trips to see icebergs and breaching belugas and narwhals. HABITATBaffin Island wolves are found exclusively on Baffin Island and a few small adjacent islands. Thomas holds a bachelor’s degree in politics from the University of Bristol, U.K. © 2020 USATODAY, a division of Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc. World Atlas: The Largest Islands of Canada, National Geographic: Auyuittuq and Sirmilik National Parks, The Canadian Encyclopedia: Baffin Island Inuit, Privacy Notice/Your California Privacy Rights. Baffin Fisheries Coalition (BFC) is the leading commercial fishing enterprise in Nunavut, Canada specializing in cold water shrimp and arctic turbot. Norse explorers reached Baffin Island around the 11th century and their presence is felt in the name of the Island’s highest peak, Odin. Its area is 507,451 km2 (195,928 sq mi) and its population is about 11,000 (2007 estimate). Baffin Island is geographically and geologically a continuation of Labrador, from which it is separated by Hudson Strait. Baffin Island ( Inuit name, Qikiqtaaluk ), French: Île de Baffin) in the territory of Nunavut is the largest member of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Protected from strong north winds, this area of Baffin Island enjoys a surprisingly stable climate. The island is home to the territory’s capital city, Iqaluit, as well as a smaller hamlet called Pangnirtung and other much smaller communities of local Inuit peoples. Arctic Bay is located in the northwest corner of Baffin Island and is one of the most beautiful places in Nunavut, Canada. Interesting Islands Facts: The largest islands in the world include Greenland, New Guinea, Borneo, Madagascar, Baffin Island, and Sumatra. And their latest sunrise is December 24 th at 9:25 am. Baffin Island (French: Île de Baffin) is an island in the territory of Nunavut. Baffin island is the largest island in canada and the 5th largest island in the world. Inuit peoples still make up over 70% of the local population on the island and their truly fascinating history and culture are celebrated with annual festivals and events, as well as regular art showcases, including their world-renowned soapstone carvings, films, books, and other media. Covering 6000 square kilometres today the Penny Ice Cap has been receding in recent decades which has produced (or unfrozen) mosses and small plants that haven’t been seen on earth since the Middle Ages when global temperatures were around what they are today. Visitors to the Nunavut territory (Canada’s newest territory, formed in 1999 as part of aboriginal land claim agreements) will find themselves arriving on Baffin Island. Facts about Baffin Island Wolfs. An archeological dig on Baffin Island. Witness the culture of the Inuit whose ancestors established a trade route with Vikings. Unless you are travelling in the remote corners of Canada, specifically northern Quebec, your two options for flights to Iqaluit are from Canada’s capital, Ottawa, or the neighbouring city of Montreal. It was established as a trading post in 1914 and became an air base during World War II. Standing at 2,147m (7,044 ft.) it is pretty modest by Canadian standards though is 7th overall when it comes to Canada’s isolated summits. Baffin Island lies in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago just west of Greenland and is the world’s fifth largest island. Trips that visit Baffin Island $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ Need help finding the right adventure? Historians believe it is likely that Pre-Columbian Norse explorers from … Baffin Island straddles the Arctic Circle in the far north of Canada, a wild and dramatic place of mountains, glaciers and tundra that shifts in shape and form with the seasons and welcomes intrepid travelers only during narrow and somewhat unpredictable windows of time. The Baffin Island Inuit have lived on the island for thousands of years and are descended from the earlier Thule culture. It is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest island in the world, with an area of 507,451 km² (195,928 sq mi). Highlights of Auyuittuq include the Akshayuk Pass, a 60-mile traditional Inuit travel corridor; Mount Thor, which has the tallest vertical drop of any mountain in the world; and a one- or two-day hiking route to the Arctic Circle. Baffin Island Inuit live on Baffin Island, the largest island in the Arctic Archipelago and in the territory of Nunavut. It lies at the head of Frobisher Bay, on southeastern Baffin Island. Nunavut is Canada’s largest province/territory with a total area of 2,093,190 sq. With its huge size of 507K sq.km (196K sq.miles) and virtually non-existence of roads, it is extremely difficult to explore this island by conventional means. Would love your thoughts, please comment. Inuit from Baffin Island are descendants of the Thule, who expanded eastward across Canada from Alaska in the 12th and 13th centuries. Hiking and cross-country skiing are other ways to get around, although few trails are marked. Baffin Island. After a successful government incentive for Inuit peoples to move and stay on the Island, the first high school was opened in Iqaluit and served one-seventh of the entire Nunavut territory (remember the territory is larger than Spain!). Baffin Island is home to two national parks and a well-known bird sanctuary. The name comes from an explorer in 1616, William Baffin. It has mountains like the Arctic Cordillera range, glaciers, and ice caps like Penny Ice Cap. It is believed that the Norse reached Baffin Bay at some point between 900 and 1300. During spring and summer, several festivals showcase Inuit artists, musicians and other performers from all over Nunavut. Baffin Island draws the most visitors to Nunavut every year, and it isn’t hard to see why. Steve Connor @SteveAConnor. Much like neighboring Greenland, Baffin contains all the elements that people generally associate with the arctic: midnight sun, the Aurora Borealis, expansive tundra, steep fiords, drifting pack ice, ice caps, glaciers, icebergs, polar bears, caribou, walrus, etc. Basic Baffin Island Facts. Visitors to Iqaluit can learn about local Inuit history, culture and arts at the Unikkaarvik Visitor Centre's museum and the Nunatta Sunakkutaangit Museum. With a deep history of local Inuit culture, and residents who will welcome you into their harsh climate with warm hospitality, a trip to Baffin Island is one you will never forget. One of the most accessible is Sylvia Grinnell Territorial Park, not far from Iqaluit. Baffin Island, island lying between Greenland and the Canadian mainland. Quick Facts: Arctic Bay. Some of … 20. Iqaluit is the largest community in the eastern Canadian Arctic. Baffin Island is the largest island in Canada and the 5th largest island in the world. And Baffin Island, Marcott points out, is right next door to Greenland—home to an ice sheet that holds enough ice to raise global sea levels by more than 20 feet if it were to melt fully. Facts about Baffin Island 2: Polar bear During the Archean Eon, 4 to … Early History. She has lived on three continents and currently resides in California. Stop by the Unikkaarvik Visitor Centre for useful tourist information and interesting exhibits. Baffin Island also boasts one of the world’s largest Fjords, the Admiralty Inlet, and two of Canada’s largest national parks, Sirmilik and Auyuittuq, both slightly larger than El Salvador or Israel. Inuit from Baffin Island are descendants of the Thule, who expanded eastward across Canada from Alaska in the 12th and 13th centuries. Photo courtesy Royal Ontario Museum A prominent Ottawa archaeologist credited in some circles with rewriting the history of Vikings in Canada has accused the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto of “disparaging” her widely publicized research. Baffin Island ( French: Île de Baffin) is an island in the territory of Nunavut. Certainly worth a trip for its scenery and wildlife. Map of Baffin Island. The Baffin Island Inuit (like other modern Inuit) share biological and cultural links with their Thule ancestors. Baffin Island Inuit live on Baffin Island, the largest island in the Arctic Archipelago and in the territory of Nunavut. First Time In Canada? During winter, the region also averages about four hours of daylight per day, and temperatures can range from -10 to -32°C (14 to -25.6°F). Regularly scheduled flights connect Iqaluit with Ottawa and Montreal, and there are also flights via Rankin Inlet from Winnipeg and Churchill in Manitoba and Yellowknife in the Northwest Territories. Baffin Island Largest and most easterly island of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, separated from Québec province by the Hudson Strait. Its area is 507,451 km2 (195,928 sq mi) and its population is about 11,000 (2007 estimate). This certainly makes it a key part, and perhaps the cause, of the “Little Ice Age” from roughly 1300 to 1850. When one looks at the map, the Island is positioned at the North West of Mainland Canada and West of Greenland. Interesting Islands Facts: The largest islands in the world include Greenland, New Guinea, Borneo, Madagascar, Baffin Island, and Sumatra. As a specialist in travel, she has penned pieces for USAToday.com, Carnival Cruise Line, Travelocity and the San Francisco Travel Association, among other names. With its huge size of 507K sq.km (196K sq.miles) and virtually non-existence of roads, it is extremely difficult to explore this island by conventional means. 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