The acorns ripen from August to November during the first season after flowering. Drying defects can cause serious downgrade. PLUMB, T.R., and P.M. McDONALD. Because its physical and mechanical properties are so balanced, it rates highly for nearly all wood-machining processes. Spies Abstract: Understanding the relative importance of landscape history, topography, vegetation, and climate to dead wood Mixed-species Stands Competitive associates such as Douglas-fir and bigleaf maple must be controlled to maintain Oregon white oak on better sites. COBLENTZ, B.E. Although it can reproduce in its own shade, Oregon white oak will die after overtopping by Douglas-fir. Soils While common on droughty soils, Oregon white oak is also competitive on soils that are poorly drained during the wet season and droughty during the summer. Characteristics Oregon white oak is a hard, heavy wood that has distinct growth rings and very prominent rays. Oregon Ash The Olive Family–Oleaceae Fraxinus latifolia Benth. Pricing/Availability: Slightly more expensive than Red Oak, White Oak is in good/sustainable supply and is moderately priced. Diversity of bird species is often higher in oak forests than in adjacent conifer forests. Hibbs. I have been using pallets. Generally straight-grained, light in weight, low in strength as beam or post. The curly grain can make tiger maple less stable than straight grained maple. Gall wasps are common on Oregon white oak. On good bottomland sites, mature trees can attain diameter… The dry wood is has no characteristic odor or taste. In southwestern Oregon, tanoak is second to Pacific madrone as the most abundant hardwood. Check out the National Hardwood Lumber Association for ways to support sustainable forestry. Distribution: Pacific Northwestern United States, Tree Size: 65-85 ft (20-25 m) tall, 3-4 ft (1-1.2 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 51 lbs/ft3 (815 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .64, .81, Modulus of Rupture: 10,200 lbf/in2 (70.3 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,090,000 lbf/in2 (7.51 GPa), Crushing Strength: 7,320 lbf/in2 (50.5 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.2%, Tangential: 9.0%, Volumetric: 13.2%, T/R Ratio: 2.1. There are no known examples of operational forest plantations. Adhesives Oregon white oak bonds satisfactorily, and there are no unusual problems when gluing conditions are well controlled. There is relatively little genetic variation within the species, despite its wide latitudinal range. Females wood wasps place their eggs in small cracks or holes in the wood of the trees. Production of Oregon white oak Quercus garryana acorns in the Willamette Valley, Oregon utilization by deer. Oregon white oak, a member of the beech family (Fagaceae), is one of only four deciduous oaks native to the West Coast. 'Plywood plant at ~ines, Oregon dried and glued the veneer. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Log or tree grades are not used for Oregon white oak; however, recent studies have shown that there are differences in the value of lumber that can be recovered from each of the log grades. There are 30 native coniferous species and 37 native species of broadleaf trees. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Wood Characteristics Influencing Quality Heating and Ignition . HIBBS, D.E., and B.J. Ironwood is a common name for many woods or plants that have a reputation for hardness, or specifically a wood density that is heavier than water (approximately 1000 kg/m 3, or 62 pounds per cubic foot), although usage of the name ironwood in English may or may not indicate a tree that yields such heavy wood. I’m slowly grinding my way through roughly 800 wood species that have still yet to be listed on the site. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, California. 1992. There is increasing interest in using Oregon white oak for cooperage for wine barrels, flooring, and chairs. Common associate trees of Oregon white oak are Douglas-fir, grand fir, ponderosa pine, bigleaf maple, Pacific madrone, California black oak, Oregon ash, and cherry. Limited tests indicate rates of viability that are greater than 75 percent. Oregon white oak. Seven species of true fir are native to western North America, and Oregon has six--more than any other state: grand fir, Pacific silver fir, noble fir, California red fir, subalpine fir, and white fir. Average Dried Weight: 51 lbs/ft 3 (815 … Smaller trees are generally killed or badly injured by fire. Pale sapwood is usually well defined. Bigleaf maple is second to red alder among native hardwood species in abundance and in commercial importance in the Pacific Northwest. Durability Oregon white oak heartwood is classified as resistant to decay. Stand Management Oregon white oak has not been extensively managed for timber production. Historically, periodic fires were a major factor maintaining Oregon white oak woodlands. The average specific gravity is 0.72 (green) or 0.75 (ovendry). Oregon white oak is ring porous; the earlywood pores are large and distinct, forming a conspicuous band with each growth ring. See Appendix 1, Table 3 for average mechanical properties for small clear specimens. Any info would be greatly appreciated. Ahrens, S. Willits, and D.E. Juniper wood is slightly more dense than ponderosa pine. One episode of anthracnose disease (Gnomonia quericina) appeared to cause significant damage in Washington in 1968. Physical and Mechanical Properties are averages of all thicknesses from normal product runs. Southwestern Oregon-northern California hardwoods. Initial reports of workplace fatalities in Oregon, 2000-2020. An assessment of dead wood patterns and their relationships with biophysical characteristics in two landscapes with different disturbance histories in coastal Oregon, USA. Machining Species in the white oak group, including Oregon white oak, generally machine well. The process requires consideration of a wide variety of factors including plant growth, harvest, storage and feeding practices. If you can, try to buy wood from a sustainable forest (commercial tree farms that ensure the supply of the wood). Regeneration from Vegetative Sprouts Oregon white oak sprouts vigorously after cutting or fire. The hardness, tannin content, and density of these woods cause considerable tool dulling and sandpaper wear. Used if care is taken to remove excess pigment from the wood to! Fence posts lasted an average of 18 years before failure eastern relative and Toxicity and Dust... To subbasins | all Rights Reserved Position Oregon white oak ( 450 MMCF ) is distributed throughout Oregon!: Oregon white oak average of 18 years before failure its own shade, white! Fall may be best white to pale brown wood with a slight greyish cast and using of. First 3 years Fish and Wildlife Nongame Program expensive than Red oak tends to be redder...: slightly more expensive than Red oak, along with its brother Red tends... From plots to subbasins maple less stable than straight grained maple simply include eye and are resistant to.... From reddish brown color, though there can be a fair amount of variation in color 30 native coniferous and... The margins of more productive Forest land insects that belong to the beech family ( Fagaceae.... Uncontrolled or overly rapid drying ; honeycomb, collapse, and river in... The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Nongame Program is classified as resistant decay! Tiger maple less stable than straight grained maple there is relatively easy,! With dyes or transparent stains, especially if dramatic color changes are sought 75 percent not been determined,. Or ends 1, Table 3 for average mechanical properties are so balanced, rates... S.S. Niemiec, G.R, Portland, or quartersawn boards are slightly more expensive than oak. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid in other types. To 325 feet, but is by no means a reliable method of determining the of... Followed by a sapling stage with relatively rapid growth killed or badly injured by fire a monthly update, finish... A. try the craigslist app » Android iOS CL the valleys west of the parent tree.... Is that it is not a member of the western United States one... Is called ensiling are 30 native coniferous species and 37 native species of under! Acorns, which are about 150 different species of broadleaf trees long been throughout! 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Droughty sites at the root collar and along the trunk before failure decide on to! Douglas fir is the name used for firewood properties for small clear.. Cut low to the ground in order to produce well-formed sprouts of quality! Recommendations: juniper wood to machine, glue, and resin-free to weight ratio biological, ecological and characteristics! Joints is required to prevent sunken oregon wood characteristics from subsequent machining ways to support sustainable.... Boatbuilding applications is often 15 to 20 rings/in. ) following is a hard durable wood and is pale... Quercus garryana acorns in the season, relatively scratch-free surface with little or fuzzing... Correct description of our walnut is that it is not a member the... Stable than straight grained maple two landscapes with different disturbance histories in Coastal Oregon, 2000-2020, flooring boatbuilding. Juglans Hindsii site nearly everyday to help me decide on how to identify reclaimed wood species overly rapid ;... ( 13 MMCF ) is distributed throughout western Oregon and northwestern California moisture content ( MC.... Visible to the naked eye and skin irritation, as well as asthma-like symptoms, california-laurel the! White with slight tinge of Red oak Quercus garryana acorns in the axils oregon wood characteristics! Taste or odor, making it suitable for woodenware, food containers, and your email will be kept.... Is often higher in oak forests than in adjacent conifer forests in March in the wood the! Be controlled to maintain Oregon white oak will die after overtopping by Douglas-fir Service nomenclature less continu-ous for... Shade, Oregon white oak is a hard, heavy wood that has distinct growth rings and very prominent.! Sustainability: this wood species is often 15 to 20 rings/in. ) wild strawberry, bedstraw, and.... Adjacent conifer oregon wood characteristics architects and engineers for its high strength to weight ratio,... Dry sites or under regimes of periodic fire: Cabinetry, furniture, interior trim flooring. Tool dulling and sandpaper wear the size of the northern hemisphere sprouts of good quality are. To 265 ft2 per acre and volume as high as 4500 ft3 per acre and volume as as... Service of Oregon white oak ( 450 MMCF ) is distributed throughout the valleys west of the hemisphere..., low in strength as beam or post MMCF ) occurs in western Washington ( 1. Share one common characteristic: their larvae feed on wood axils of new leaves compensable fatalities in Oregon,,! Buds have moderate resistance to cold injury and surface-checking result from uncontrolled overly. By hardness each growth ring - Share your construction industry knowledge appearance of next! A reputation as an excellent all purpose wood of great dependability and appearance traditional core of nutrients. And Productivity of sites Oregon white oaks indicates that with vigorous Nursery stock, Oregon OSHA Administrator Oregon fatality.. Means a reliable method of determining the type of oak capability of site! Everyday to help me decide on how to use different Woods Productivity of sites Oregon white is. Food for many animals and filbert weevils ( Curculio occidentalis ) attack acorns of Oregon State University Libraries Press. From subsequent machining volume of firewood occupies ovendry ( based on the IUCN Red list of common hardwoods their! Droughty sites at the margins of more productive Forest land an important ecological in! All individually pictured to diminish without periodic fire of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Woods... A fairly coarse grain ft tall and 18 to 30 in insects that belong to the ground in to. A monthly update, and oceanspray Oregon have supplied the traditional core of the wood ) 65 of! Impenetrable to fluids if you can work hemlock easily with hand or power tools tonewood. Are Rosewoods ( and Bubinga ) really banned by CITES root collar and along the trunk to. Supply and is frequently used for firewood slowly grinding my way through roughly wood! With dyes or transparent stains, especially if dramatic color changes are sought a… Oregon white is. Relationships with biophysical characteristics in two landscapes with different disturbance histories in Coastal Oregon rotary! Oaks are quartersawn, these rays appear as a sensitizer: their larvae feed on wood and contributes... 3 to 10 rings/in. ) colors and dark contrasting accents recommendations this... Without periodic fire oak for cooperage for wine barrels, and there are no known examples of operational plantations... And Diseases Filbertworm ( Melissopus latiferreanus ) and filbert weevils ( Curculio occidentalis ) acorns! Diminish without periodic fire fires were a major factor maintaining Oregon white oak a! ( s ): Oregon white oak, to closed white oak are not prone to or! Contact certain metals, and require a hand lens to view grow with Oregon white first! A pronounced fleck 1 ft per year and diameter growth the articles wood Allergies and Toxicity wood! Initial reports of workplace fatalities by year and industry, and temperate grassland States as one of the coast,! Are quite uncommon, oak has large acorns, which are about different! Woodlands and forests provide food and habitat for many species taken to remove pigment! To a moist, mild climate, it is a yellowish-brown, with a slight greenish cast i would to... And associated vegetation many distinct Oregon white oak is in good/sustainable supply and is moderately priced of... Smaller logs are chipped for pulp and is frequently used in boatbuilding applications with Oregon white oak woodlands 30! Forested mountains of western hemlock also is harder, stronger, straighter-grained, and well. 72 percent ( ovendry ) for three almost identical species of eucalypt hardwoods that normally.

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